After Fall Gelb, which is the German designation for the taking of the Netherlands and Belgium in May 1940, the Kriegsmarine settled in IJmuiden and took over the Dutch defences of the coast, the IJmuiden harbour, the Port of Amsterdam and the North Sea canal leading to industry and a ship lock.
South of Seezielbatterie Heerenduin is the Marine FLAK Batterie Olmen. This anti aircraft battery protected the coastal battery, the Schnellboot bunker, the industry of IJmuiden with its blast furnace and other key points in Festung IJmuiden. In Fortress IJmuiden the German Kriegsmarine had no less than five heavy FLAK Batteries at their disposal.
Behind the Seeziel Batterie Heerenduin W.N. 81 Coastal Battery lies FLAKbatterie Süd Ost designated W.N. 92. The unique feature of this Widerstandsneste is the Walzkörpersperre. This checkpoint in de antitank wall is so unique that it seems there are only 2 left in the entire Atlantic Wall.
Battery Heerenduin is situated at the estuary of the North Sea Canal which runs towards the port of Amsterdam and its industry. To defend this canal the Dutch build this defensive position in 1939 and equipped it with 7,5 centimetre guns. Germans later designated the coastal battery as M.K.B. 81 or Marine Kusten Batterie 81.
Flakturm Humboltshain is a 1st generation G – tower. The ‘G’ indicated Gefechtsturm or Combat tower. Its measurements are 70,5 by 70,5 metres, and 39 meters high. With all of its guns the tower could reach a gun speed of 8000 shots a minute.
A huge memorial in the shape of an American star was resurrected in Bastogne to commemorate the American soldiers who fought bravely and left so much behind on the battlefields during the Battle for the Ardennes in December 1944.
The Bastogne Barracks was the location of the Allied headquarters in December of 1944. After chasing away the retreating German army from France and Belgium the Allied forces halted at the Belgium and German border.
The Kleines Kettenkraftrad designated Sd.Kfz. 2 was named short Kettenkrad. Besides use as a tractor the Kettenkraftrad saw intensive action in the Russian campaign where they lay communication cables, carry soldier and pull heavy loads.
The Little town of Arromanches-les-Bains on the French coast in Normandy was part of the D-Day Landings on the 6th of June in 1944. Arromanche was in the ‘Gold Beach’ zone east and in the English landing sector. It Lies east of Omaha Beach in the American sector and west of Juno Beach.
Between Omaha beach and Gold beach lies Marine Küsten Batterie Longues-sur-Mer or M.K.B. Longues-sur-Mer. Construction started in September 1943 and finished just two months before D-day in April 1944.
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