Winkel luftschutzturm in Gotha, Germany


Winkel Hochbunker – Spitzbunker (Eng. high bunker or Pointed bunker) at RAW in Gotha, Germany

Gotha

This luftschutzturm (Eng. Air raid tower) is built in the German town of Gotha near the Gothaer Waggonfabrik during World War Two and on the Reichsbahnausbesserungswerk (Raw/RAW) grounds (Eng. Reichsbahn repair shop in short Raw or RAW). The Gotha wagon factory is a manufacturer of rolling stock established in 1880. During World War One the factory switched to bombers, utility and seaplanes. During the interwar years the Gotha Waggonfabrik turned back to rolling stock trams and cars.

Winkel Hochbunker – Spitzbunker (Eng. high bunker or Pointed bunker) at RAW in Gotha, Germany
Winkel Hochbunker – Spitzbunker (Eng. high bunker or Pointed bunker) at RAW in Gotha, Germany
Entrace to the Winkel bunker at the former Reichsbahnausbesserungswerk (Raw) – Gotha
Inside the Winkel Bunker – Gotha
Left behind from the WW2 era – Winkel Bunker – Gotha
One of the floors in the Winkel Bunker – Gotha

During World War Two Gotha contributed to the new Luftwaffe. They developed and produced the Gotha 145 trainer aircraft (1182 built). They started to construct and develop aircraft again when the nazi’s came to power in 1932. The first aircraft during this era rolled off the production line in 1935, several types of Gotha aircraft were developed during the war. They built Messerschmitt Bf 110 and Heinkel He 45 under license. But the most talked-about design came from the Horton brothers. They made a full-fledged flying wing in two types. One version was propeller pushed and the other was a high end flying wing jet Ho 229, or Gotha Go 229 or Horten H.IX, in English. First flight was in 1943, next to Gotha this jet flew test sorties at the Oranienburg Flugplatz north of Berlin.The Gotha Waggonfabrik making the city a possible target for allied bombing raids and the German and forced labor workforce had to be protected

Test pilot Erwin Ziller started the Ho IX V2’s engines at Oranienburg in February 1945. Ziller was killed when the V2 lost an engine and crashed during its third test flight. German designation Horten Ho 229.(National Air and Space Museum)

Winkel Luftschutzturm

The allied bombing raids were a real threat therefore a bomb proof bunker was built on the factories terrains to protect the technicians. This particular hochturm (Eng. high tower) was built with the bauart Winkel (Eng. Winkel construction style). The Winkel Luftschutzturm came in 16 types, they were round and slender with a pointy top. Bombs should bounce off the top and explode next to the bunker on ground level. The round construction would guide the force of the explosion around the structure. This Winkel bunker was built on the RAW terrain for the laborers to take shelter when the allied bomber formations closed in on Gotha. It is doubtful whether the forced laborers could use the tower bunker or had to find their own safety somewhere else.

This floor is a seating area – Winkel bunker
Inside the Winkel bunker
Electronics in the Winkel Bunker Gotha
Electronics in the Winkel Bunker Gotha
One of the floors in the Winkel Bunker – Gotha
Inside the Winkel bunker
Inside the Winkel Bunker – Gotha
Copy of the original patent of the Spitsbunker issued by from Leo Winkel Bunker
Stairs and floors Inside the Winkel bunker
Insde the Winkel Turmbunker (tower bunker) – Gotha, Germany
under the tip of the Winkel – Gotha, Germany

This hochbunker was built on the Deutsche Reichsbahn RAW repair shop grounds but today a large part of the original factory where the German Empire’s railroads were maintained and fixed in and around Gotha is in disrepair. A large section of the former repair shop is taken over by other companies but still they are involved in the Rail or turnout works.These workshops could be found back in the days around the German rail road network all over the country.

Visit

Well, no you can’t, sorry but it is not possible!
The Winkel tum sits on the Voestalpine factory grounds, originally an Austrian company. It is on private property and therefore it is off limits.

More on the Winkelturm

Winkel bunker at Voestalpine in the lower middle section next to the carpark – Gotha, Germany


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