Poland under the Nazis (part 1) – Oskar Schindlers Factory, Krakow


Posted: , Last update: January 7 2016, in Labour & Concentration camps, Museums & Collections. 1 Comment

From October 29 till November 3th I took a short organized trip to Poland. The organizer called this trip “Poland under the Nazis”. The trip included a stay in Auschwitz (Oświęcim) with visits to Krakow with Schindlers factory, Auschwitz 1 and 2 and Wroclaw before Breslau. We have to say that the Polish people are still traumatized about what happened to them during WW2 and afterwards. As our guide told us the name Schindler isn’t a good name in Poland although he did what he did. Krakow itself is a beautiful city which was amazingly not destroyed during the war. Well known here are some places related to what the public has seen in the movie about Schindler. What’s left of the walls of the ghetto are just a few stones. Before the best known Synagogue of the city is a monument for the victims.

Monument

Monument

Inside the synagogue:

Inside the synagogue

Inside the synagogue

A little bit further in the former ghetto on a small place from where the tombstones where taken to use them as road in the Plaszow concentration camp, the camp with commander Höss, we’ll find a small restaurant where Steven Spielberg and crew had diner during the recordings. A little bit further in the heart of the ghetto you can find a monumental in the form of chairs. On the corner of this place is the well known and still existing Pharmacy that survived war.

Ghetto Wall

Ghetto Wall

 

One of the Jewish restaurants where the S. Spielberg and crew had diner during the making of “Schindler’s List”.

Jewisch Restaurant

Jewish Restaurant

More on the left of this square you can find a little park with exists of only grass and trees. This was once the cemetery where all the tombstones were taken and used as road in the Plaszow camp. On the other side of the road there is the old Jewish cemetery, from which the Germans didn’t know the existence and was spared.

In the heart of the former Getto.  The square has 33 steel (1.4 m high) and 37 smaller chairs (1.2 m high) standing on the edges of the square and at tram stops. They suggest that anyone can be a victim. From here we went to Schindlers factory.

Krakow Monument Ghetto

Krakow Monument Ghetto

Schindler’s Factory.

Everybody who saw the movie knows that near Krakow there was a concentration camp and a factory! The factory is now museum, the camp became a memorial park. Our guide told us that under the hills in the park, dozens of people are buried.

This camp was led by Amon Göth who didn’t care about the prisoners and shot several from his balcony. The factory was led by Oscar Schindler who tried and did save several hundreds of Jews. The villa still exists but is private property now. It looks amazingly as it was in these days.

Some pictures from inside Schindler’s Factory, located in the formerly administration building.

Schindlers factory gate

Schindlers factory gate

This thermometer shows the amount of money, given by the citizens of Krakow, to spend for the army’s defence of Poland.

 Money thermometer at beginning of war

Money thermometer at beginning of war

A view inside a Polish bunker.

Polish bunker 1939

Polish bunker 1939

Original Polish tank from 1939.

Polish tank

Polish tank

An impression from September 1939, when the Germans invaded Poland.

An Expression

An Expression

a kepi.

A stairway to a metro/train platform .

Stairway

Stairway

Some belongings of the bookkeeper Itzhak Stern and some documents and pictures.

bookkeepers stuff

bookkeepers stuff

A  famous survivor who was a prisoner in his childhood. Now he is a French film maker.

Famous French filmmaker now

Famous French filmmaker now

The original desk from Schindler. Be sure not to touch anything.

Schindlers desk

Schindler’s desk

The names of the list. A monument in front of Schindler’s desk.

Names from the famous list

Names from the famous list

 

Names from the famous list

Names from the famous list

Amon Göth on his balcony.

Höss

Höss

The original, renovated, gate from Plazow

Gate of Plazow

Gate of Plazow

Original stones, with a picture of the tombstones as background.

Rocks from Plazow

Rocks from Plazow

An impression, how it looked in Plazow.

Plazow

Plazow

 

Plazow

Plazow

Burned documents.

Burned books and papers

Burned books and papers

Some original pots and pans created in the factory.

Original pots and pans

Original pots and pans

The real Oscar Schindler.

Schindlers_Factory_Krakova_P1030524

 

 Visit

The city is big and there’s a lot to see. To discover and see it all you’ll need at least two to three days I think. The museum takes minimum 2-3 hours. For opening hours and pricing visit:  http://www.mhk.pl/branches/oskar-schindlers-factory .

 





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