This is a Landing Craft, Vehicle and Personnel, short LCVP, or “Higgins Boat” named after it’s designer Andrew Higgins. The LCVP landing craft was used to its full potential and in large numbers during the many Allied amphibious landings throughout all the theaters of World War Two. Constructed from plywood the boot had a very shallow draft and could carry 36 soldiers and gear to shore at a speed of 17 km/h (9 knots). During the landing the men could exit the boat by charging down the lowered ramp on the bow.
More than 23,358 were built, by Higgins Industries and licensees.